World Malaria Day is on the 25th of April every year. The theme for this year is, “Ready to beat Malaria.”. The theme shows the energy and commitment of the community in uniting the common world goal of being malaria free. It also highlights the remarkable progress achieved in tackling one of the world’s oldest diseases. This does however also highlight the worrying trends which are captured in the 2017 World Malaria Report (which you can see on https://goo.gl/QeXrJT ).

What is Malaria:

Malaria is a disease which is life-threatening. It is transmitted from the bite of an infected mosquito (Anopheles). These mosquitoes carry the Plasmodium parasite. When the mosquito bites you, the parasite is released into your bloodstream. The parasites then travel to the liver and mature. After several days they enter the bloodstream and infect the red blood cells.

Symptoms:

The Symptoms typically show up within 10 days following infection. These symptoms are:

shaking chills that can range from moderate to severe

high fever

profuse sweating

a headache

nausea

vomiting

abdominal pain

diarrhoea

anaemia

muscle pain

convulsions

coma

bloody stools

How is it diagnosed?


Doctors will be able to diagnose malaria during an appointment through a physical exam and blood tests. These tests will show:


> If you have malaria


> what type of malaria you have


> If the infection is caused by a parasite that’s resistant to certain types of drugs


> If the disease has caused anaemia


> If the disease has affected your vital organs


Treatment:


With malaria having the risk of being a life-threatening disease, treatment for this disease is typically provided in the hospital. Treatment differs depending on which type of parasite you have. The doctors will prescribe and administer medications until the malaria is no longer in your system. However, they do tend to give you a second dose of medication to prevent a relapse in the future.


How can you get involved?


As an individual, you can show your support through the use of social media. Use the campaign hashtags, #readytobeatmalaria and #endmalaria to show you are declaring to beat malaria this #worldmalariaday and ‘like’ and share World Malaria Day campaign materials on Twitter, Facebook, Instagram and Linked-In. To find out more, please visit https://bit.ly/2qI3dYx


References:


https://goo.gl/D8pgUd
https://goo.gl/5euEei


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